Mohamed Sadiki, Minister of Agriculture, Maritime Fisheries, Rural Development and Water and Forests, will travel to Agadir this Friday to chair the Steering Committee of the program contract for the said sector. With a total amount of 2.8 billion dirhams (MMDH) over the period 2012-2020, the achievements in 2020 of the program contract reached 1.75 billion dirhams, or 62.27% of the initial amount.
Like the other agricultural sectors, that of the argan tree is also awaiting the signing of its program contract by 2030. In the meantime, Mohamed Sadiki, Minister of Agriculture, Maritime Fisheries , rural development and water and forests, will move this Friday, to Agadir, to chair the Steering Committee of the program contract of the said sector at the headquarters of the Regional Chamber of Agriculture of Souss-Massa. As a reminder, the program contract for the sector was signed on April 26, 2011 on the sidelines of the Assises de l’agriculture in Meknes.
The objective of this steering committee is to take stock of the current program contract and its achievements, while discussing the contours of the future contractual roadmap by 2030 between the government and the Interprofessional Federation of the sector. argan (FIFARGANE).
Recognized by the National Commission of Interprofessions in March 2018, the latter is made up of two colleges, in particular the National Federation of Provincial Associations of Producers and Users of the Argan Forest (FNADUA) and the Moroccan Federation of Processors, Exporters and Traders of argan oil (FMTEC) which brings together extraction cooperatives, GIEs, companies and traders. It should be noted that this interprofession replaced the Moroccan Interprofessional Federation of the argan sector (FIMARGANE) created in 2011.
Achievements in 2020: 1.75 billion dirhams, i.e. 62.27% of the original amount
Like the other sectors, the argan tree has benefited from the same support measures through a program contract for a total amount of around 2.8 billion dirhams over the period 2012-2020 whose achievements by 2020 reached 1.75 billion dirhams, or 62.27% of the initial amount. More than ten years after the extension of incentives and support for this sector, the next program-contract will have to be aligned with the guidelines of two new national strategies, in particular “Green Generation 2020-2030” and its variation in PAR (Plan regional agriculture), in addition to “Forests of Morocco 2020-2030”.
Today, the objectives traced by the new vision of the sector by 2030 relate to five axes, in particular the rehabilitation of the argan tree to reach a cumulative objective of 400,000 hectares by 2030 and the extension of the arganiculture with the aim of reaching 50,000 hectares. It is also about increasing the production of argan oil to reach 10,000 tons in 2030 and ensuring the packaging of 50% of the production of argan oil by 2030.
There is also talk of marketing 10% of sales in 2025, via the digital platform dedicated to the marketing of Argan products, to increase to 30% in 2030. Generating more than 31 million dollars in exports for the year 2021, the argan sector, previously mistreated by bulk exports, has put an end to these shipments. From July 1, 2022, the export of roasted and unroasted argan oil will be subject to an export license.
Argan oil/bulk: an export license from July 1
Indeed, in circular n°6312/311 dated April 6, the customs services take note of the publication in Official Bulletin n°7078 of 31/3/2022 of the decree of the Minister of Industry and of Commerce No. 109-22 of 12/1/2022, supplementing Order No. 1308-94 of 19/04/1994 establishing the list of goods subject to quantitative restriction measures on import and ‘export. Thus, under the terms of article 1 of the new decree, the export of roasted and unroasted argan oil, in containers containing more than five liters, is now subject to an export license from July 1, 2022. .
In addition to the challenge of capturing part of the added value generated by the sector in the production area, the challenge is also to continue the effort to rehabilitate and regenerate the argan tree, especially in the face of the pressure exerted by the climate change and the ongoing overhaul of the forest law. In this sense, the argan plantation rehabilitation program is one of the main axes of the program contract for the argan sector, implemented by the Department of Water and Forests in partnership with Fifargane.
The partnership agreement between the supervisory ministry, the Department of Water and Forests and ANDZOA, signed in October 2013, has made it possible to strengthen the State’s commitment to achieving this objective. Between 2012 and 2020, Morocco rehabilitated more than 164,000 ha out of 200,000 ha, in addition to the domestication of the argan tree with the planting of 10,000 argan trees as part of the argan cultivation project financed by the Green Climate Fund.
184,503 ha, i.e. 46% of the objective to be reached in 2030
In detail, the area rehabilitated under the rehabilitation program (2012-2021) at the end of 2021 is 184,503 ha, i.e. 46% of the objective to be reached in 2030, while the achievements of the argan cultivation program for the period 2012-2021 allowed the planting of an area of 7,370 ha and that 2,000 ha are under construction and 800 ha in the call for tenders phase, according to the National Agency for the Development of Oasis Zones and the argan tree (ANDZOA).
The objective is also to maintain the rate of planting on 50,000 hectares in 2030 and the rehabilitation of 400,000 ha on the same horizon. These two objectives are planned within the framework of the strategy of Generation Green and forests of Morocco.
In addition, ANDZOA has also launched the work of the National Argan Center in Agadir. It is also a concrete expression of the State’s commitments with the inter-branch within the framework of the program contract for the establishment of a skills center dedicated to the argan tree. This structure will position itself as a hub for promoting the heritage of the argan tree and supporting scientific research.
Yassine Saber / ECO Inspirations