By Laurent Foreau
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The battle for free radio stations was a huge debate in France at the end of the 1970s. Dozens of illegal stations multiplied, defying the restrictions. Then several hundred stations carried out, between 1978 and 1982, a veritable guerrilla warfare.
From 1982, the FM band became the object of covetousness by commercial groups and the Government was summoned, in particular for technical reasons and listening comfort, to bring order and rationally allocate the frequencies of the FM band.
We get organized
A High Authority for Audiovisual Communication, ancestor of the current CSA, is created. The FM Band then came to life, dozens of community radio stations with a local, social and cultural vocation, on the fringes of commercial logic, fought to maintain their activities, often taken over by groups wishing to establish themselves locally. Gradually, many disappeared.
Guy Barrier, the free electron
Radio 102 was born 40 years ago, created in Les Sables-d’Olonne on July 5, 1982 by the Radio 102 Pays des Olonnes association. It was the birth of free radios!
It was then authorized by the High Authority in August 1983 on 102.4 MHz (decision 85-01). Many young Sablais have tested themselves at the microphone. Its director was Guy Barrier.
In Les Sables-d’Olonne, Transat FM and Radio Côte de Lumière (which became RCL Radio as it became more professional) also enjoyed the heyday of the FM Band at that time, before also disappearing from the frequencies.
Télé 102, images that mark
Years later, Guy Barrier will find another bright idea: local TV.
But from Saturday, September 22, 1984, Guy Barrier suggested that viewers set their TV set to channel 36. At 8:30 a.m., the pirate broadcast began from the radio studios. He will be entitled to a passage to the Court, which claims to be incompetent. The CSA will give its approval years later.
Thus was born Télé 102, its “house” programs rebroadcast in a loop, some on-set animations and brief reports. Local personalities are invited and the community sector finds an open forum.
A camcorder as a budget!
“This is a television-mirror, relating the events of the town and the surrounding area. It follows the rhythm of the seasons: richer in summer, it enters a bit of hibernation the rest of the year,” said Guy Barrier at the time. In the city, we talked a lot about this local TV, its skipping images and its limited quality!
Remember that Télé 102 operated with only Guy Barrier in charge and that the annual budget stopped at the price of his camcorder. But it had the merit of existing! A whole generation remembers it.
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